Master's student Anu Moniruzzaman studied the instructions for surgical patients.
The goal of the study was to find out a possible lack of instructions, improvement of the preoperative patient education materials and how to prevent the surgical site infection.
At the Laurea University of Applied Sciences a study was conducted upon developing the preoperative information given to elective surgical patients in the hospital of Kätilöopisto, through this development the aim was to reduce infections related to surgery.
The study was done by conducting a survey on pre- and postoperative information given preoperatively to surgical patients. The questionnaire forms were given to 60 gynecological patients coming for an elective surgical operation. 31 questionnaires out of 60 were filled by the patients. Most answers were given by patients having an elective hysterectomy. SPSS cross tabulation was used for describing the answers given by the patients. According to data collected from the patients, 31 of them found the given instructions very clear or quite clear. In addition, they found the instructions easy to follow.
However, a question which measured existing instructions about wound infection related to surgery and its prevention 43% of Hysterectomy patients as well as 27% of Hysterectomy and other operation related patients were satisfied already existing instructions. In a question about being able to prevent wound infection beforehand there was some variation: 43 % of Hysterectomy patients imparted “quite well” and to the same question patients with the procedure Hysterectomy and other operation related 36% answered also “quite well”. To the option “I cannot tell” the response rate were 14 % in Hysterectomy and 18 % in Hysterectomy and other operation related.
In order to compare results from the survey to elective patients and professional health care workers, a co-operative workshop was arranged.There were similarities between answers of the patients and nurses. Nevertheless, it turned out that patients were more satisfied with their preoperative education materials than the professional nurses.
Therefore, the collected and analyzed data produced results which indicated the need for better instructions as well as more detailed patient education. Based on the findings of this thesis in the future there is a need to improve patients' educational materials and patients' participation in their own care.
Master's degree student, Master's Degree Programme in Health Promotion